What Does Citric Acid Do, Bad For You?

Citric acid is found naturally in citrus, especially lemon and lime. It’s what gives them a sour taste.

The produced form of citric acid is widely used in foods, cleaning products and nutritional supplements.

However, this produced form is slightly different from the form found in the fruits.

So you may be wondering if it’s good for you.

What is Citric Acid?

Citric acid was first obtained from lemon juice by a Swedish researcher in 1784.

This odorless and colorless ingredient was produced from lemon juice until the early 1900s, but later researchers discovered that it could be produced by yeast called Aspergillus niger, which produced citric acid when it was fed with sugar.

Acidic is often used as an aromatic or preservative due to its sour sweet nature, especially in soft drinks and confectionery.

It is also used as a preservative and stabilizer in drugs, as a disinfectant against viruses and bacteria.

Natural Food Sources

Citrus fruits and their waters are among the best sources of natural citric acid.

Examples of these fruits are as follows:

  • Lemon
  • Lime
  • Orange
  • Grapefruit
  • Mandarin

Other fruits also have citric acid, but in smaller quantities. Here’s what they’re like:

  • Pineapple
  • Strawberry
  • Raspberry
  • Blueberries
  • Cherry
  • Tomato

Beverages and food products containing these fruits also contain citric acid. Ketchup, for example, because it’s tomato.

Although citric acid is not formed naturally, it is also a byproduct of cheese, wine and sour bread production.

Citric acid listed in the ingredients of food and supplements is produced and is not found in fruits.

Because it is very expensive to produce this product from fruits and its demand is greater than its supply.

Artificial Resources and Uses

The characteristics of citric acid make it an important contribution in many industries.

70% of the citric acid produced is used in beverages and foods, 20% are used in medical and nutritional supplements, and 10% are used in cleaning products.

Food Industry

The most common use of citric acid produced is food additives.

It is used to increase acidity, increase aroma and protect ingredients.

Citric acid produced in fizzy drinks, juices, powdered beverages, confectionery, frozen foods and some dairy products are used.

It is also added to canned fruits and vegetables to protect them from a rare disease caused by a toxin called botulism.

Medical and Nutritional Supplements

Citric acid is important in medical and nutritional supplements.

By adding drugs, balancing drugs, preserving their active components is also chewable or the taste of drugs in syrup form is hidden.

Mineral supplements such as magnesium or calcium also have citric acid in the form of citrates, thus increasing their absorption.

Disinfectant and Cleaning

Citric acid is a useful disinfectant against many bacteria and viruses.

Test tube studies show that it can provide protection and treatment against human noroviruses, which are sources of foodborne diseases.

Citric acid is sold as a general disinfectant and can also destroy water stains, rust, soap marks.

It is seen as a safe alternative to traditional disinfectants.

Health Benefits and Use in the Body

Citric acid has many health benefits and functions.


Citrate is a molecule with a close relative of citric acid, the first molecule formed in the citric acid cycle.

In the cycle, also known as trikarboxing acid or crebs cycle, these chemical reactions allow the body to turn food into available energy.

Humans and other organisms get most of their energy through this cycle.

Improves Nutrient Absorption

Reinforced minerals are in many forms.

But not all forms are peers, and the body uses some more efficiently.

Citric acid allows minerals to be absorbed more efficiently by the body.

For example, calcium citrate does not need stomach acid for absorption. In addition, according to other form of calcium carbonate, side effects such as gas, bloating and constipation are less.

Therefore, theIium citrate is a better option for those with less stomach acid as older individuals.

Similarly, magnesium oxide and magnesium in the form of cytorat are absorbed better than sulfate.

Citric acid also increases the absorption of zinc supplements.

Protect Against Kidney Stones

Citric acid in the form of potassium citrate prevents the formation of kidney stones and breaks down existing ones.

Kidney stones are usually solid crystals that occur in the kidneys.

Citric acid makes urine less prone to stone formation, providing protection against kidney stones.

Kidney stones are usually treated with citric acid in the form of potassium citrate. However, consuming foods rich in natural acid has similar anti-stone effects.

Security and Risks

Citric acids produced are generally considered safe by the FDA.

There is no scientific study on the safety of using citric acid, which has been produced a long time.

Nevertheless, there are reports of diseases and allergic reactions related to this additive.

Symptoms such as swelling and stiffness and joint pain, muscle and abdominal pain, shortness of breath occur in four people who consume foods containing produced citric acid, a report said.

These symptoms are not observed in those who consume their natural forms such as lemons.

The researchers say they can’t prove that citric acid produced for these symptoms is responsible, but more studies are needed in food and beverages.

In both cases, scientists think the symptoms are probably caused by yeast that produces it rather than citric acid itself.

After all

Citric acid is found naturally in citrus radish, but its synthetic version is produced from a yeast and is widely added to foods, supplements, medicines and cleaning products.

Although yeast residues left over from the production process can trigger allergies in rare cases, citric acid is generally considered safe.

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