Spanish Sentences

SPANISH SENTENCES

Definition: A sentence is a group of words like verbs and nouns with a logic order that indicate and activity or state in different times. Sentences always contain one or more phrases and some clauses for it.

  • Definition of Phrase: Groups of words with a logic order that people use to express a certain idea.

Spanish sentences have a different structure from other languages such as Portuguese, German, French, Japanese, or English language; because Spanish is flexible and have a lot of conjugations in different times and all of them are different between them.

Sentences in Spanish

In some sentences the subject is contained in the verb.
Example:

  • Amo = I love

The subject pronouns are only used when you really want to emphasize the subject.

SubjectVerb
SpanishEnglishSpanishEnglish
YoIAmoLove
ElHeEscribeWrites

Parts of the sentence: Every complete sentence contains two parts which are:

  • Subject: The subject is what the sentence is about.
  • Predicate: The predicate tells something about the subject.
SpanishEnglish
SubjectPredicateSubjectPredicate
Josécompro un nuevo carro.Josebuy a new car
Nosotrosestamos estudiandoWeare studying

Types of Sentences:

Declarative sentences are statements. These sentences are sometimes referred to as positive sentences to distinguish them from negative sentences.

  • My mom’s cooking chicken —> Mi mama está cocinando pollo.
  • My grandfather is sick —> Mi abuelo esta enfermo.
  • John’s dog died —> El perro de John murió.
  • Maria is learning Portuguese grammar—> María está aprendiendo la gramática portuguesa.

Negative sentences express a negation.

  • My mom is not cooking chicken —> Mi mama no está cocinando pollo.
  • My grandfather is not sick —> Mi abuelo no está enfermo.
  • John’s dog is not barking —> El perro de John no está ladrando.
  • Maria does not broke her leg —> María no se rompió su pierna.

Interrogative sentences are questions:

  • Is he working in a company? —> ¿El está trabajando en una compañía?
  • Is she playing in the park? —> ¿Ella está jugando en el parque?
  • Are you happy? —> ¿Estas feliz?
  • Is this the answer? —> ¿Es esa la respuesta?

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