Definition: A sentence is a group of words like verbs and nouns with a logic order that indicate and activity or state in different times. Sentences always contain one or more phrases and some clauses for it.
- Definition of Phrase: Groups of words with a logic order that people use to express a certain idea.
Spanish sentences have a different structure from other languages such as Portuguese, German, French, Japanese, or English language; because Spanish is flexible and have a lot of conjugations in different times and all of them are different between them.
Sentences in Spanish
In some sentences the subject is contained in the verb.
- Amo = I love
The subject pronouns are only used when you really want to emphasize the subject.
Parts of the sentence: Every complete sentence contains two parts which are:
- Subject: The subject is what the sentence is about.
- Predicate: The predicate tells something about the subject.
|José||compro un nuevo carro.||Jose||buy a new car|
|Nosotros||estamos estudiando||We||are studying|
Types of Sentences:
Declarative sentences are statements. These sentences are sometimes referred to as positive sentences to distinguish them from negative sentences.
- My mom’s cooking chicken —> Mi mama está cocinando pollo.
- My grandfather is sick —> Mi abuelo esta enfermo.
- John’s dog died —> El perro de John murió.
- Maria is learning Portuguese grammar—> María está aprendiendo la gramática portuguesa.
Negative sentences express a negation.
- My mom is not cooking chicken —> Mi mama no está cocinando pollo.
- My grandfather is not sick —> Mi abuelo no está enfermo.
- John’s dog is not barking —> El perro de John no está ladrando.
- Maria does not broke her leg —> María no se rompió su pierna.
Interrogative sentences are questions:
- Is he working in a company? —> ¿El está trabajando en una compañía?
- Is she playing in the park? —> ¿Ella está jugando en el parque?
- Are you happy? —> ¿Estas feliz?
- Is this the answer? —> ¿Es esa la respuesta?