Spanish Determiner

SPANISH DETERMINER

Definition:Spanish Determiners are words that make specific the denotation of a noun phrase. In Spanish they agree in gender with the noun. Spanish language uses determiners in a similar way to English language. The main difference is that they agree in gender and number with the noun.

The function of determiner may be applied in Portuguese Grammar, because it’s very similar to Spanish Grammar rules.

Determiner in Spanish

Articles:

Definite ArticleIndefinite Article
SingularPluralSingularPluralSingularPlural
ade
Masculineellosaldelununos
Femininelalasunaunas

Definite articles: An article that makes a noun refers to a particular item or items of its class.

  • The dogs —> Los perros / Las perras
  • The dog —> El perro / La perra
  • The cat —> El gato / La gata
  • The cats —> Los gatos / Las gatas

Indefinite Article: An article that makes a noun refer to a nonspecific item (or items) of its class.

  • a dogs —> Unos perros / Unas perras
  • a dog —> Un perro / Una perra
  • some cat —> Algún gato / Alguna gata
  • some cats —> Algunos gatos / Algunas gatas

Possessive determiners:

Possessive adjectives agree with the nouns they modify. There are five possessive adjectives.

 MITUSU
SingularPluralSingularPluralSingularPlural
Masculinemi, míomis, míostu, tuyotus, tuyossu, suyosu, suyos
Femininemi, míamis, míastu, tuyatus, tuyassu, suyasu, suyas
  • This is my pen —> Este es mi lapicero.
  • This pen is mine —> Este lapicero es mío.
  • This is your pen —> Este es tu lapicero
  • This pen is yours —> Este lapicero es tuyo
 NUESTROVUESTRO
SingularPluralSingularPlural
Masculinenuestronuestrosvuestrovuestros
Femininenuestranuestrasvuestravuestras
  • This is our pen —> Este es nuestro lapicero.
  • This pen is yours —> Este lapicero es vuestro.

Demonstratives determiners:

They are those adjectives whose function is to point at something. Spanish has three sets of demonstrative adjectives, which vary by number and gender, so there are 12 in all.

 ESTEESEAQUEL
SingularPluralSingularPluralSingularPlural
Masculineesteestoseseesosaquelaquellos
Feminineestaestasesaesasaquellaaquellas
  • That ball is mine —> Esa pelota es mía.
  • This ball is mine —> Esta pelota es mía.
  • These balls are mine —> Estas pelotas son mías.
  • Those balls are mine —> Esas pelotas son mías.

Learn Spanish Online (SITE MAP)

SPANISH LANGUAGE FACTS SPANISH PRONUNCIATION
SPANISH GRAMMAR
SPANISH VOCABULARY
SPANISH LANGUAGE TOOLS
Spanish Verb Conjugator
SPANISH TESTS
  Spanish Basic Test
 
  Spanish Intermediate Test
 
  Spanish Advanced Test
 
SPANISH DICTIONARIES
LEARN SPANISH LANGUAGE SPANISH CULTURE
SPANISH CHRISTMAS
SPANISH CHRISTMAS RECIPES
CHRISTMAS CAROLS
SPANISH RECIPES
SPANISH LITERATURE
SPANISH BUSINESS HOW TO SAY...IN SPANISH?

Leave a Comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *