Spanish Demonstrative Adjectives

SPANISH DEMONSTRATIVE ADJECTIVES

Definition: Spanish Demonstrative adjectives are always used to indicate the distance between two or more people or objects. 

Spanish has three sets of demonstrative adjectives (describes a noun), which vary by number and gender, so there are 12 in all, most of these demonstratives adjectives are similar in Portuguese Grammar.

Demonstrative Adjectives in Spanish

Adjetivos Desmotrativos (Demostrative Adjective)
NumberNearFarther AwayAt a Great Distance
 MasculineFeminineMasculineFeminineMasculineFeminine
SingularEste
This
Esta
This
Ese
That
Esa
That
Aquél
That
Aquella
That
PluralEstos
These
Estas
These
Esos
Those
Esas
Those
Aquellos
Those
Aquellas
Those

Note:“That” the masculine singular forms end in “e”, not “o”.

The words in italics all function as demonstrative adjectives in Spanish, since they all describe the noun “sweater“.

Gender : Masculine
give me this sweaterdame este suéter
give me these sweatersdame estos suéteres
give me that sweaterdame ese suéter
give me those sweatersdame esos suéteres
give me that sweater over theredame aquél suéter
give me those sweaters over theredame aquellos suéteres

The words in italics all function as demonstrative adjectives in Spanish, since they all describe the noun “blouse“.

Gender : Feminine
give me this blousedame esta blusa
give me these blousesdame estas blusas
give me that blousedame esa blusa
give me those blousesdame esas blusas
give me that blouse over theredame aquella blusa
give me those blouses over theredame aquellas blusas

Examples:

  • I like this dog.
  • Me gusta este perro.
  • I prefer these computers.
  • Prefiero estas computadoras.
  • I’m going to buy that car.
  • Voy a comprar ese coche.
  • I like those houses.
  • Me gustan aquellas casas.
  • I like those male cats over there.
  • Me gustan aquellos gatos.

Note:

  • The rule to form plural demonstrative adjectives is:
    • Ending in vowel – add “s”

Example:

  • This book.
  • Este libro.
  • These books.
  • Estos libros.
Demostrative Adjectives in Spanish Videos






Learn Spanish Online (SITE MAP)

SPANISH LANGUAGE FACTS SPANISH PRONUNCIATION
SPANISH GRAMMAR
SPANISH VOCABULARY
SPANISH LANGUAGE TOOLS
Spanish Verb Conjugator
SPANISH TESTS
 Spanish Basic Test
 
 Spanish Intermediate Test
 
 Spanish Advanced Test
 
SPANISH DICTIONARIES
LEARN SPANISH LANGUAGE SPANISH CULTURE
SPANISH CHRISTMAS
SPANISH CHRISTMAS RECIPES
CHRISTMAS CAROLS
SPANISH RECIPES
SPANISH LITERATURE
SPANISH BUSINESS HOW TO SAY...IN SPANISH?

Leave a Comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *