Spanish Adverbs

SPANISH ADVERBS

DEFINITION:
Spanish Adverbs are words that inform us when, how, why or where the action happens.

Adverbs modify a verb, a noun, an adjective, another adverb or an entire sentence.

Adverbs can provide additional information about manner, quantity, frequency, time, or place.

Adverbs in Spanish

ADVERB RULE:
Spanish adverbs are usually formed by adding -mente to the end of feminine adjectives. This ending corresponds to -ly in English.

AdverbAdjectiveFem. FormAdverbio
happilyalegrealegrealegremente
affectionatelycariñosocariñosacariñosamente
constantlyconstanteconstanteconstantemente
carefullycuidadosocuidadosacuidadosamente
clearlyclaroclaraclaramente
hardlydifícildifícildifícilmente
easilyfácilfácilfácilmente
frequentlyfrecuentefrecuentefrecuentemente
perfectlyperfectoperfectaperfectamente

EXAMPLES IN SPANISH:

One day you will speak Spanish clearly.
Un día tú vas a hablar español claramente.

Remember that only masculine singular adjectives ending in o have a different form for the feminine singular.

rapidlyrápidorápidamente

The superlative degrees of these adverbs coincide with the superlative degree of the corresponding adjectives in their masculine form:

buenobuenísimo
muchomuchísimo
pocopoquísimo

In Spanish, adverbs are compared in much the same manner as adjectives. Más or menos is placed before the adverb to form the comparative degree. The superlative is normally not distinguished from the comparative.

Mary eats slower than Wilmer
María come más despacio que Wilmer

TYPES OF ADVERBS:

Adverbs of manner: Adverbs of manner are the most common and are used in a wide variety of situations, as they tell how something is done. In Spanish, they typically come after the verbs that modify.

Example: Estudia bien. (She studies well.)

AdverbAdjectiveFem. FormAdverbio
loudlyaltoaltaaltamente
wellbienbienbien
poorlymalmalmal
bettermejormejormejor
worsepeorpeorpeor
evenaúnaúnaún
almostcasicasicasi
brutallyrudorudarudamente
clearlyclaroclaraclaramente

Adverbs of quantity: Adverbs of quantity serve as intensifiers and modifiers. Adverbs of quantity increase or decrease the effect of the verb. They come before the words they modify.

Example: Me voy a casa, ya es muy tarde. (It is very late.)

AdverbAdjectiveFem. FormAdverbio
hardlyapenasapenasapenas
quitesuficientesuficientesuficiente
too muchdemasiadodemasiadodemasiado
moremásmásmás
lessmenosmenosmenos
a lotmuchomuchomucho
verymuymuymuy
fewpocopocapoco
manytantotantatanto

Adverbs of frequency: Answer the question, HOW OFTEN does the verb DO something?

Example: Repentinamente sonó la alarma. (Suddenly, the alarm rang out.)

AdverbAdjectiveFem. FormAdverbio
sometimes——————a veces
often——————frecuentemente
never——————nunca
occasionallyocasionalocasionalocasionalmente
usually——————por lo general
seldomrarorarararamente
rarely——————rara vez
always——————siempre

Adverbs of time: Show when an action is done, or the duration or frequency.

Example: Salimos mañana. (We’re leaving tomorrow.)

AdverbAdverbio
currentlyactualmente
nowahora
the day before yesterdayantes de ayer
whencuando
afterdespués
next, thenentonces
todayhoy
tomorrowmañana
whilemientras
soonpronto

Adverbs of place: Show where the action is done. Adverbs of place appear either before or after the verb they modify.

Example: Allí comeremos. (We’ll eat there.)

AdverbAdverbio
belowabajo
hereacá
insideadentro
outsideafuera
somewherealguna parte
over thereahí
thereallí
hereaquí
abovearriba
nearbycerca
aheaddelante
behinddetrás
wheredonde
everywheretodas partes

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