Advanced Spanish grammar request mode IV

Indicativo is the real (current) state. Subjuntivo is an unreal situation or a situation that a person observes through their value judgments

We use it to express the probability. We use it with envelopes that report probability.

Quizás estudie todos los días. : Maybe it will work for days.

Tal vez llegue a tiempo. : Maybe it will arrive on time.

We use it to express a wish / wish / wish.

T Que tengas buen viaje! : Have a good trip!

Lo Que lo pases bien! : Get better!

Ojalá Emre salga bien en el examen! : Hopefully, Emre’s exam will be good!

They are used as sub-sentences in negative sentences formed with the verbs Creer, pensar and parecer.

No creo que me comprenda bien. : I don’t think you understand me.

It is used with patterns bearing the expression of personal value judgment and necessity.

Es absurdo que lo vendas. : It’s nonsense to sell it.

Es importante que terminemos a tiempo.: It is important that we finish it on time.

Es lógico que Emre estudie.: Emre’s work makes sense.

Es injusto que lo dejes.: It is unfair to leave it.

Es posible que llegue hoy.: It is likely to arrive today.

We use it to refer to an action that has not taken place in the lower sentence.

Llámame cuando termines el trabajo.

: Call me when you’re done.

Díselo apenas / en cuanto lo hagas.

: When you do it, tell him that.

Le escribiré después (de) que lo termine.

: I will write to her after finishing it.

Esperaremos hasta que salga

: We will wait until we get out.

No saldremos mientras llueva. :

We will not go out as long as it rains.

Subjuntivo is used with the following connectors.

Hazlo como quieras. : Do it however you want.

Come cuanto desees. : Eat as much as you want.

We state our wishes / wishes / desires about the third parties in the lower sentence.

Quiero que Emre estudie bien. : I want Emre to work well.

We use the lower sentence when specifying orders / prohibitions about third parties.

Les prohibimos a los niños que salgan. : We prohibit children from dating.

We use the lower sentence in structures containing value judgment.

Es una pena que llueva.: How bad it rains.

We use the lower sentence in structures that contain personal emotions.

Me alegro de que haga left hoy. : It’s nice that the weather is sunny today.

Verbs in Spanish are classified into three groups according to the situation they show.

1. INDICATIVO
:

Indicates real / realized situations.

2. MANDATOS
:

Indicates order statuses.

3. SUBJUNTIVO:

It shows a desire, emotion, possible.

Subjuntivo structures have 2 different subjects.

Yo quiero que tú escuches una canción.

Subjuntivo extraction is performed in the lower sentence.

The verb used in the upper sentence specifies a request.

Yo Quiero que tú comas todas las galletas.

Subjuntivo is not used if there is only one subject in the sentence, that is, if the sub-sentence will not be established.

Yo quiero sacar una A + en Español

Resources:

https://espanol.lingolia.com/es/gramatica/tiempos-subjuntivo/present to

http://www.elsubjuntivo.com/

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