Spanish Sentences

Definition: A sentence is a group of words like verbs and nouns with a logic order that indicate and activity or state in different times. Sentences always contain one or more phrases and some clauses for it.
  • Definition of Phrase: Groups of words with a logic order that people use to express a certain idea.
Spanish sentences have a different structure from other languages such as Portuguese, German, French, Japanese, or English language; because Spanish is flexible and have a lot of conjugations in different times and all of them are different between them.

Sentences in Spanish

In some sentences the subject is contained in the verb.
Example:
  • Amo = I love
The subject pronouns are only used when you really want to emphasize the subject.

Subject Verb
Spanish English Spanish English
Yo I Amo Love
El He Escribe Writes

Parts of the sentence: Every complete sentence contains two parts which are:
  • Subject: The subject is what the sentence is about.
  • Predicate: The predicate tells something about the subject.
Spanish English
Subject Predicate Subject Predicate
José compro un nuevo carro. Jose buy a new car
Nosotros estamos estudiando We are studying


Types of Sentences:

Declarative sentences are statements. These sentences are sometimes referred to as positive sentences to distinguish them from negative sentences.
  • My mom's cooking chicken ---> Mi mama está cocinando pollo.
  • My grandfather is sick ---> Mi abuelo esta enfermo.
  • John's dog died ---> El perro de John murió.
  • Maria is learning Portuguese grammar---> María está aprendiendo la gramática portuguesa.

Negative sentences express a negation.

  • My mom is not cooking chicken ---> Mi mama no está cocinando pollo.
  • My grandfather is not sick ---> Mi abuelo no está enfermo.
  • John's dog is not barking ---> El perro de John no está ladrando.
  • Maria does not broke her leg ---> María no se rompió su pierna.

Interrogative sentences are questions:

  • Is he working in a company? ---> ¿El está trabajando en una compañía?
  • Is she playing in the park? ---> ¿Ella está jugando en el parque?
  • Are you happy? ---> ¿Estas feliz?
  • Is this the answer? ---> ¿Es esa la respuesta?


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