Spanish Gerund

Definition: Spanish gerund, also known as present participle; is not the equivalent to the English gerund because Spanish gerund cannot be used as a noun as in English. English gerund can be translated into Spanish as an infinitive. 

Gerund in Spanish

The gerund is formed by removing the infinitive endings, ar, er, and ir and by adding ando to ar and iendo to er and ir. The gerund is used to form the progressive or continuous tenses.
Ar--->ando
Er --->iendo
Ir --->iendo
Examples in Spanish:
  • to speak = speaking
  • hablar = hablando

  • to eat = eating
  • comer = comiendo

  • to go out = going out
  • salir = saliendo

Note: It is important to remember that if the er or ir verb stem ends in a a vowel, is must add yendo instead of iendo.

Examples in Spanish:

English Verb Spanish Verb Spanish Gerund
To fall caer cayendo
to believe creer creyendo
to flee huir huyendo
to go ir yendo
to influence influir influyendo
to hear oír oyendo
to bring traer trayendo
to read leer leyendo
to follow seguir siguiendo

  • I am thinking about you
  • Estoy pensando en ti.

  • I am studying
  • Estoy estudiando

  • Ana is lying
  • Ana está mintiendo

If you are interested in learning another language based on what you already know about Spanish, one of the best options is Portuguese language.

 Spanish Gerund Videos








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