Spanish exclamation

Definition: In written Spanish, a system of double punctuation is used. An upside down question mark is placed at the beginning of a question and the usual question mark is written at the end of it. Similarly, an inverted exclamation mark indicates the beginning of an exclamation, while the ordinary Spanish exclamation mark shows the end of the sentence.


Exclamation in Spanish

Exclamatory words as well as interrogative expressions have written accents. The most common one is (¡!) and ¡Qué...! Used in front of an adjective, adverb or noun:

Example:

My goodness!
¡Caramba!

Of course!
¡Claro!

Help!
¡Socorro!

How delicious!
¡Qué delicioso!

I'm so sorry!
¡Lo siento mucho!

How awful!
¡Qué barbaridad!

What a mess!
¡Qué lío!
How easily you do it!
¡Qué fácilmente lo haces tú!

What a pretty house!
¡Qué casa más bonita!

What happy children!
¡Qué niños tan alegres!

Watch out!
¡Cuidado!

Don't tell me!
¡No me digas!

What a shame!
¡Qué lástima!





Note: In an exclamation, “¡qué!” is similar to: what ..., what a... or how... in English language It can be used with nouns, adjectives, and adverbs.

The following rules help to form an exclamation sentence in Spanish language:
  • “¡Qué!” is followed directly by an adjective.

  • Examples:
    • How wonderful!
    • ¡Que maravilloso!

    • How expensive!
    • ¡Que caro!

  • “¡Qué!” may be followed by an adjective, adverb, or noun + verb.

  • Example:
    • How short you are!
    • ¡Qué bajo eres!

    • How near you live!
    • ¡Qué cerca vives!

    • What a house you bought!
    • ¡Qué casa compraste!
Note:
  • We only use exclamation to give emphasis to an idea in Spanish; it's similar in other language grammars like English, French or Portuguese Grammar.

  • Example:
    • What a beautiful day!
    • ¡Qué día más espléndido!

    • This sentence expresses the idea about how beautiful is this day so we can use exclamation.


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