Spanish Demonstrative Adjectives

Definition: Spanish Demonstrative adjectives are always used to indicate the distance between two or more people or objects. 

Spanish has three sets of demonstrative adjectives (describes a noun), which vary by number and gender, so there are 12 in all, most of these demonstratives adjectives are similar in Portuguese Grammar.

Demonstrative Adjectives in Spanish

Adjetivos Desmotrativos (Demostrative Adjective)
Number Near Farther Away At a Great Distance
  Masculine Feminine Masculine Feminine Masculine Feminine
Singular Este
This
Esta
This
Ese
That
Esa
That
Aquél
That
Aquella
That
Plural Estos
These
Estas
These
Esos
Those
Esas
Those
Aquellos
Those
Aquellas
Those

Note: "That" the masculine singular forms end in "e", not "o".

The words in italics all function as demonstrative adjectives in Spanish, since they all describe the noun "sweater".

Gender : Masculine
give me this sweater dame este suéter
give me these sweaters dame estos suéteres
give me that sweater dame ese suéter
give me those sweaters dame esos suéteres
give me that sweater over there dame aquél suéter
give me those sweaters over there dame aquellos suéteres

The words in italics all function as demonstrative adjectives in Spanish, since they all describe the noun "blouse".

Gender : Feminine
give me this blouse dame esta blusa
give me these blouses dame estas blusas
give me that blouse dame esa blusa
give me those blouses dame esas blusas
give me that blouse over there dame aquella blusa
give me those blouses over there dame aquellas blusas

Examples:
  • I like this dog.
  • Me gusta este perro.

  • I prefer these computers.
  • Prefiero estas computadoras.

  • I'm going to buy that car.
  • Voy a comprar ese coche.

  • I like those houses.
  • Me gustan aquellas casas.

  • I like those male cats over there.
  • Me gustan aquellos gatos.

Note:
  • The rule to form plural demonstrative adjectives is:
    • Ending in vowel - add "s"
Example:
    Singular
  • This book.
  • Este libro.

  • Plural
  • These books.
  • Estos libros.

Demostrative Adjectives in Spanish Videos








© 2007-2016 - All Rights Reserved