Spanish Conjunction

Definition: A Spanish Conjunction is used to connect words within a sentence. However, conjunctions can also be used at the beginning of a sentence to join it with a previous sentence.

Here we can show some useful coordinating conjunctions::

and = y
or = o
but = pero, mas, sino
nor = ni

Conjunction in Spanish

Conjunctions are classified into different groups according to their role in sentence so we may classify them in:

Coordinating conjunctions: These conjunctions link two or more sentences with a similar or equivalent meaning. It has these subcategories:

  • Copulative conjunctions:
  • They connect the components of a sentence, the conjunctions into this category are: "y, e, ni, que"

    Example:
    • He is very smart and responsible.
    • Él es muy inteligente y responsable.


  • Disjunctive conjunction:
  • We use them to join sentences or words that express a choice among options, these are: "o, u, sea, bien".

    Example:
    • You can buy this Spanish Grammar book or this Portuguese Grammar book.
    • Usted puede comprar este libro de gramática española o este libro de gramática portuguesa.

  • Adversative conjunctions:
  • We use them to express ideas mutually exclusive. We have: "pero, empero, mas, sino, aunque, siquiera, al contrario, antes bien, si bien, no obstante, sin embargo".

    Example:
    • They bought this new computer, but it doesn't like them.
    • Ellos compraron esta nueva computadora, pero no le gustan.

    • She went shopping, but forgot her money.
    • Ella fue de compras, más se olvidó de su dinero.

    • George does not study, however always play football.
    • George no estudia, empero siempre juega futbol.

    • He did not bring the report but a report.
    • Él no trajo el informe sino un reporte.

    • Your mother will not come to party, however you should come.
    • Tu mamá no vendrá a l fiesta, sin embargo tu si tienes que venir.

  • Alternative conjunctions:
  • They establish alternations between the terms of the sentence. They are: "ora/ora, ya/ya, sea/sea".

    Example:
    • I will be there, whether he comes, or he doesn't.
    • Yo vendré, sea que venga, sea que no.


Subordinate conjunctions: These conjunctions link the components of a sentence but subordinate one to another. According on the nature of subordination, they are distinguished in:
  • Causal subordinate conjunctions:
  • These conjunctions indicate the cause, reason or motive. We have: "pues, porque".

    Example:
    • She did not come, because it had rained.
    • Ella no vino, porque había llovido.

  • Comparative subordinate conjunctions:
  • They establish a comparison between the sentences that they link, these are:"como, así como, como que, de esta manera".

    Example:
    • He wants this dessert as well as this one.
    • Él quiere este postre, asi como este otro.




Conjunctions in Spanish Videos





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