SPANISH ARTICLES

Definition: In Spanish, nouns are either masculine or feminine, each of one with its own article. Nouns that end in "-a" are almost always feminine, on the other hand, nouns that end in "-o" are almost always masculine.

Spanish articles
are located before nouns in order to indicate the gender, the number and its grammatical function. The article are either masculine, these genders have their own articles. There are some rules in order to know the gender of a noun, such as:

Articles in Spanish

English Spanish
Feminine Masculine Neuter
Singular the la el lo
Plural the las los -

Nota:
  • If the nouns end in the vowel "a" or "as", they are almost always feminine.
  • If the nouns end in the vowel “o” or “os”, they are almost always masculine.
To compound the plural form of a noun with a plural article we follow these rules:
  • Vowel ending, we add “s” after the noun and the article.
Example:
The apple.  

The apples.

La manzana.   Las manzanas.
  • Consonant ending, we add “es” after the noun and “s” after the article.

Example:

The song.  

The songs.

La canción.   Las canciones.


Note: The exact definition of a Spanish article is: A word that signals a noun. The most common articles are: "El, La, Un, Una, Lo, Los, Las, Unos and Unas", and these articles are classified in Definite articles and Indefinite articles.

Examples:

  • The book is big.          
  • El libro es grande.

  • The apple is very sweet
  • La manzana es muy dulce.

  • A book of Math.
  • Un libro de Matemática.

  • A woman very smart.
  • Una mujer muy inteligente.

  • The children of this school.
  • Los niños de esta escuela.

  • The girls will study at university.
  • Las chicas estudiarán en la universidad.

  • Some things are very hard.
  • Unas cosas son muy complicadas.

  • Some boys of this class play basketball.
  • Unos chicos de esta clase juegan baloncesto.

  • The best of you is your sincerity.
  • Lo mejor de ti es tu sinceridad.

Note: We use "Lo" to signal abstract nouns like feeling, unreal things or when we don't know the gender of the noun, this article is called: neutral article, because it doesn't signal if the noun is masculine or feminine.

Example:

  • The downside of this world.
  • Lo malo de este mundo.

  • The good of life.
  • Lo bueno de la vida.

Articles in Spanish Videos








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