SPANISH ADVERBS

DEFINITION:
Spanish Adverbs are words that inform us when, how, why or where the action happens.

Adverbs modify a verb, a noun, an adjective, another adverb or an entire sentence.

Adverbs can provide additional information about manner, quantity, frequency, time, or place.

Adverbs in Spanish

ADVERB RULE:
Spanish adverbs are usually formed by adding -mente to the end of feminine adjectives. This ending corresponds to -ly in English.


Adverb Adjective Fem. Form Adverbio
happily alegre alegre alegremente
affectionately cariñoso cariñosa cariñosamente
constantly constante constante constantemente
carefully cuidadoso cuidadosa cuidadosamente
clearly claro clara claramente
hardly difícil difícil difícilmente
easily fácil fácil fácilmente
frequently frecuente frecuente frecuentemente
perfectly perfecto perfecta perfectamente

EXAMPLES IN SPANISH:

One day you will speak Spanish clearly.
Un día tú vas a hablar español claramente.

Remember that only masculine singular adjectives ending in o have a different form for the feminine singular.

rapidly rápido rápidamente

The superlative degrees of these adverbs coincide with the superlative degree of the corresponding adjectives in their masculine form:

bueno buenísimo
mucho muchísimo
poco poquísimo

In Spanish, adverbs are compared in much the same manner as adjectives. Más or menos is placed before the adverb to form the comparative degree. The superlative is normally not distinguished from the comparative.

Mary eats slower than Wilmer
María come más despacio que Wilmer

TYPES OF ADVERBS:


Adverbs of manner: Adverbs of manner are the most common and are used in a wide variety of situations, as they tell how something is done. In Spanish, they typically come after the verbs that modify.
Example: Estudia bien. (She studies well.)
Adverb Adjective Fem. Form Adverbio
loudly alto alta altamente
well bien bien bien
poorly mal mal mal
better mejor mejor mejor
worse peor peor peor
even aún aún aún
almost casi casi casi
brutally rudo ruda rudamente
clearly claro clara claramente


Adverbs of quantity: Adverbs of quantity serve as intensifiers and modifiers. Adverbs of quantity increase or decrease the effect of the verb. They come before the words they modify.
Example: Me voy a casa, ya es muy tarde. (It is very late.)

Adverb Adjective Fem. Form Adverbio
hardly apenas apenas apenas
quite suficiente suficiente suficiente
too much demasiado demasiado demasiado
more más más más
less menos menos menos
a lot mucho mucho mucho
very muy muy muy
few poco poca poco
many tanto tanta tanto


Adverbs of frequency: Answer the question, HOW OFTEN does the verb DO something?
Example: Repentinamente sonó la alarma. (Suddenly, the alarm rang out.)

Adverb Adjective Fem. Form Adverbio
sometimes --------- --------- a veces
often --------- --------- frecuentemente
never --------- --------- nunca
occasionally ocasional ocasional ocasionalmente
usually --------- --------- por lo general
seldom raro rara raramente
rarely --------- --------- rara vez
always --------- --------- siempre


Adverbs of time: Show when an action is done, or the duration or frequency.
Example: Salimos mañana. (We're leaving tomorrow.)

Adverb Adverbio
currently actualmente
now ahora
the day before yesterday antes de ayer
when cuando
after después
next, then entonces
today hoy
tomorrow mañana
while mientras
soon pronto


Adverbs of place: Show where the action is done. Adverbs of place appear either before or after the verb they modify.
Example: Allí comeremos. (We'll eat there.)

Adverb Adverbio
below abajo
here acá
inside adentro
outside afuera
somewhere alguna parte
over there ahí
there allí
here aquí
above arriba
nearby cerca
ahead delante
behind detrás
where donde
everywhere todas partes



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